Committee: League of Nations Council (LoN)
Based on the predecessor to the United Nations: The League of Nations, but mostly using standard MUN Rules & Procedures. Sessions take place between 1920 – 1922.
Topic A: Resolving the Poland-Lithuanian War
Aim: Mediate the diffusion of tensions between Poland and Lithuania; build a model for sustainable peace in the region; promote the doctrine of collective security.
Abstract: From Spring 1919 – November 1920, Poland and Lithuania were in conflict. In April 1919, the Polish army seized Vilnius, and met the Lithuanian army. Initially, the Polish army was an ‘ally of convenience’ of the Lithuania army, as both were fighting a common enemy in the Soviet Union – however, when the initial agreements to settle disputes between the two sides failed, and eventually the situation descended into war.
The result of the important Battle of the Niemen river opened a wide front for the Polish troops, and left Vilnius open to an attack. With Vilnius under threat, the Lithuanians looked to the League of Nations for protection – the idea of losing their Capital to the Polish is not appealing for the Lithuanian generals, and the Polish hoped to see a return of Poland-Lithuania, which the Lithuanians see as a loss of independence. This is one of the League of Nations first crises – taking place in the first week of October 1920, just after its foundation in January 1920 – and it needs to find an amicable solution to set an example for how it will achieve long-term peace here and elsewhere. Thus, the League of Nations needs to come up with a solution which will appease both sides and provide adequate protection to Vilnius and Lithuania.
Topic B: Responding to the Great Fire of Smyrna
Aim: Provide a sustainable solution for subjects of Christian exodus in the aftermath of Turkish troops entering Smyrna in 1922, and prevent atrocities against ethnic and religious minorities in Turkey.
After the Turkish forces regained control of the city of Smyrna on 9th September 1922, effectively ending the Greco-Turkish War, that was launched in May 1919, in the field, The Turkish army committed a number of atrocities targeting the cities Armenians and Greeks minority population. These included razing the christian quarters of the city by arson, committing acts of “ethnic cleansing”, pillage and rape. Presence of American, British and French foreign observers did not discourage atrocities from occurring. The real breakthrough was fire that started on 13th September in Armenian district and completely destroyed the Greek and Armenian quarters of the city, the Muslim and Jewish quarters escaped damage.
Fire has forced tens of thousands of people to flee Smyrna and therefore shove towards the shore without any order.
Therefore, the aim of the League of Nations session, held in the last week of September 1922 is to find effective ways to minimize number of victims, tame the chaos and panic among Greek and Armenian population and help as many refugees as possible reach safe asylums in other parts of Greece. The League of Nations needs to set up sufficient support for all inhabitants of Smyrna and come up with solution, that will guarantee refugees safety.
Chairperson: Joshua Watson
Deputy Chairperson: Aleksandra Walczak