Committee: International Criminal Court (ICC)
Based on a session of the United Nations International Court of Justice selected by the chairs of the ICJ
Topic: The Prosecutor vs. Joseph Kony
The first ever military dictatorship in Uganda was from 1917 to 1979 led by Idi Amin. In 1986, Yoweri Museveni started urging for more democratic reforms in the nation causing drastic improvements in human rights and limited the amount of state sponsored violence occurring in the state. This led to a period of stabilization in the region, which became more attractive for Western businessmen and politicians. The growing Western presence had a positive impact on the people and the economy, leading to economic growth in Uganda during the 90s. However, the past two decades the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA), based in Northern Uganda, has caused numerous massacres and mutilations resulting in the displacement of 1.6 million people and the death of many more. Part of their military recruitment tactics, involves the use of child soldiers. The Ugandan government accused the Sudanese government of supporting the LRA as well as supplying child soldiers to the militia group. The Sudanese government quickly denied any affiliation with the group.
In February 2008, the LRA and the Ugandan government signed a ceasefire to end the 20-year conflict. Currently LRA leader Joseph Kony is on trial for his actions with the LRA. The issue remains as to how to sentence the “rebels” that followed his orders. Some of whom have been coerced into committing these atrocities. They have been victimized and coerced into joining the LRA. Throughout the many years of conflict in northern Uganda, Kony has exhibited contrasting personalities: a caring and loving leader, but also a murderous psychopath whose followers galvanize a cycle of terror and mysticism.
President: Nikodem Białkowski
Vice-President: Cassandra Jagroop